Real Estate Investment Trust

Real Estate Investment Trust

Just what Real Estate Investment Trust?

A real estate investment trust is a system that permits you to purchase real estate and property but without the usually hassles associated with purchasing such property by yourself. A real estate investment trust is a system where a group of investors collectively gather their funds right into a legal trust and invest in various forms of real property.

If you’ve ever heard of other investment mechanisms such because mutual funds, you’ll understand the way real estate investment trusts are designed to work. A real estate investment trust may also be known as a REIT and a REIT invests in various kinds of property. The different types of property that are invested in might be residential or commercial or even for leisure purposes.

Simple REITs may invest in property as a simple as an apartment block or as complex as several hotels and leisure parks. Some real estate investment trusts even own malls and movie theatres and it all depends of the purposes from the people who initially set up the real estate investment trust.


Different types of REIT’s exist and a few of these trusts are private in nature. A number of these investment trusts are public and can be found on stock exchanges like the NYSE and the London Stock Exchange. One form of real estate investment trust may be the mortgage REIT, which provides a unique service in that it supplies new home owners with money to be able to purchase new property.

People may also invest in such devices to get loans and securities which are backed by these REITs as well as mortgages. As with any investment device, a certain form of risk is always involved and methods have been created to effectively handle these kinds of risk.

The risks that are associated with a real estate investment trust will be different and can be dependent on a varied number of factors a number of which include the location the investments are based in along with other factors.


In recent times REITs have increased in popularity as a result of different number of reasons. Some people prefer real estate investment trusts since they’re associated with factors that they can easily understand. Some people prefer REITs since they’re identified with development and growth. Others simply make investments for certain reasons which are generally driven by emotional factors.

Statistics have shown that some relations exist between your prices of stock and the prices of real estate and profitability of REITs may easily be based on monitoring for such statistics and varying volatility of stock markets inside a particular region.


If you want to invest in real estate however, you have often been scared of the problems of tying down all of your money in one particular investment, REITs make perfect sense for you personally.

The increased popularity of these devices, the growth of demand for quality real estate on a global scale along with the opening of new vistas for investment such as the economies of newer countries on the boom like the UAE and the countries of the former Eastern Bloc associated with Europe show better times ahead for early investors.


Understanding Investment Trusts (REITs)

A Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) works as an investment organization that controls the possession and management of revenue generation of properties. Investing through REITs will allow you to claim several tax benefits and therefore obtain a higher income from your real estate investments.


Listed here are the different types of REITs based on the type of investment.

These are trusts that own properties and generate their income in the rent paid for the property.

These are the trusts that provide loans to property owners in substitution for a mortgage on a property. Mortgage REITs also buy home loans and mortgage-backed securities, and get their revenue from the interest collected on home loans.


Hybrid REITs are trusts that generate their revenue from lease, like equity REITs, as well as interest on mortgages, such as mortgage REITs.

These are investment trusts that own and operate commercial ventures like departmental stores and industries. They earn their revenue by leasing out these types of properties to retail tenants.

These are trusts that invest in healthcare centres like hospitals, nursing homes, and retirement homes. Most healthcare REITs lease their properties to third-party managers who, in change, pay them a fixed rent along with operational and upkeep costs.

Office REITs lease out buildings for official purposes, generally for a long period. They generate long-term revenue from the rent paid by these types of offices.


How Does a REIT Function?

A Real Estate Investment Trust needs to get more than 75% of its total assets in real property. For a REIT to be legal, it must have a minimum of 100 investors. At least 90% of the profits earned with a REIT in its real estate ventures must be distributed one of the investors. The REIT also cannot sell more than 50% of its stocks to 5 or less investors throughout the first half of a taxable year.

REIT is merely a pass-through entity that allows investors to purchase equity and transfer the profits to the actual shareholders. Since it is a pass-through entity, REIT is not taxable under federal or tax laws. It is considered the duty of the shareholders to pay for the taxes for their profits, as this is a income source for them.


How to Invest in a REIT?

Anyone can purchase property through REITs without actually being a property owner. REIT gives offer liquidity, which means they can be sold and bought easily. A REIT functions as a public sector market for investments in property.

Investing in REITs is similar to investing in any additional venture or business. You invest by buying stocks or shares of the particular company and then receive a percentage of the revenue earned by that company. The money that comes in from the different investors is used by the REIT to purchase a lucrative real estate deal. The profit that it earns from that venture is then distributed between your investors.



The Structure of REIT

(i) REIT Supervisors (Management Company)

Their duties include strategize, new purchase and disposal analysis, marketing and communications, asset performance and company planning, market performance analysis and other management activities provided underneath the Deed. They are also responsible to maintenance of proper accounting along with other records and financial statements. Annual reports of the REIT are ready by Management Company.

(ii) Trustee

Act on behalf from the unit holders. Monitoring the administration of the fund to ensure the interests of unit holders is upheld all the time. Investment forming part of the assets of the fund should be authorized by trustee. For example, all cheques for payment should be signed by Trustee.

(iii) Property Manager

Appointed through the Manager and approved by the Trustee. Their duties include handle, operate, market and maintain properties under REIT properly.


Choosing the REIT Management Team

Real estate is a business that requires active management to be able to enhance value, increase yield and reduce risk to investors. Investment trusts are dedicated to increasing rental income by increasing occupancy prices, enhancing the value of the property, and thereby, over period, commanding higher and higher rental rates.

REIT management teams typically try to maintain current occupancy without interruption and renew existing tenants to be able to reduce leasing costs and therefore ensure higher distributions. At the same time frame, a REIT management team will focus on providing affordable business premises for tenants to avoid turnover, and ensuring this affordability means keen attention to providing value and service through spending on operating costs.

REITs typically have a professional team that manages a diversified portfolio of high quality office and industrial assets in various locations. A REIT is focused on managing and growing growing a well balanced cash flow that generates sustainable returns by adapting our strategy and tactics based on constantly changing conditions in the real estate industry and the higher economy.

A REIT management team typically works hard to develop a growth-oriented portfolio of properties, with the end result of ensuring that unitholders (investors) receive sustainable cash distributions over a long time.

A REIT management team also ensures that the activities from the trust adhere to appropriate legislation, and that distributions are nicely documented for tax purposes. All of this management oversight guarantees healthy, sustainably returns, as well as due diligence that provides unit holders trust, confidence and certainty.


A REIT management team also develops and executes a strategy to be able to provide a solid platform for stable and growing cash moves. Portfolios are usually composed of office, commercial or industrial room in concentrated key markets.

Managers make sure REIT properties tend to be ideally located, suitably priced and are able to produce consistent income that increases over time. A strong team of should be entrepreneurial property managers who’re highly experienced in the real estate professionals Focused on achieving increasing sustainable revenue and cashflow from REIT assets is definitely a top priority.


REIT managers will also work hard to diversify portfolios in order to mitigate risk – growth is achieved by continuously seeking properties that boost the overall portfolio of the trust.

As well, strong tenants help mitigate risk as well as ensure the sustainability of distributions. REIT management teams should also operate the company in a disciplined manner; financial analysis and balance sheet management can help maintain a prudent capital structure.



With basic understanding associated with structure of REITs, we will be able to analyze exactly how individual REITs operate better. For example, the effective communication in between Management Company and Trustee will directly affect the performance associated with REIT as all requisition, etc required trustee approval.

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